Starting Points for Clarifying and Intervening Within the Situation

1. Freire, Davis, Marcos, Galeano: Questioning the Educational Context

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Recommended Reading: Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, pp. 71-86; Angela Davis, “Angela Davis on Political Neutrality”; Marcos, “Do Not Forget: Ideas are Also Weapons” Pp. 311-315; Eduardo Galeano, “Educating by Example,” from Upside Down, pp. 5-8.


2. Ta-Nehisi Coates: Race, School, Streets and Police

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Recommended Reading: Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me, pp. 5-39.


3. James Baldwin: Ghetto, “Innocence,” and Education

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Recommended Reading: James Baldwin, “My Dungeon Shook” from The Fire Next Time, pp. 2-10; “A Talk to Teachers” 


4. Karl Marx: Questioning the Economic Context

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Recommended Reading: Karl Marx, “Wage Labor and Capital,” in The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 203-211; Marx, “For A Ruthless Critique of Everything Existing, in The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 12-15. Secondary: Marx, “Alienated Labor,” from Selected Writings, pp. 58-68.


5. Lame Deer, Horkheimer, and Marcos: Can a Society Lose its Mind?

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Recommended Reading: Lame Deer and Erdoes, “Talking to the Owls and Butterflies,” in Zerzan (ed), Against Civilization, pp. 258-262. Horkheimer 112-114. Marcos – Tiny Cat pp. 308-309.


6. Aimé Césaire: Questioning “Civilization”

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Recommended Reading: Aimé Césaire, Discourse on Colonialism, pp. 31-46.


7. Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael: Thinking for Yourself and Your Community

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Recommended Reading: Malcolm X, Malcolm X Speaks, “To Mississippi Youth,” pp. 137-146. Stokely Carmichael, Stokely Speaks, “At Morgan State,” pp. 61-76.


8. Audre Lorde: The Value of Writing

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Recommended Reading: Lorde, Sister Outsider: “Poetry is not a Luxury,” “Transformation of Silence into Language and Action,” “Uses of the Erotic,” pp. 36-39, 40-44, 53-59.


9. Amos Wilson: The Value of Studying History and Power

Recommended Reading: Amos Wilson, “Why Study History,” from The Falsification of Afrikan Consciousness, pp. 13-45. 


10. Houria Bouteldja: White People and Indigenous Women

Recommended Reading: Bouteldja, “You, White People,” and “We, Indigenous Women,” from Whites, Jews, and Us, pp. 33-52, 73-99.