1. SCOTT: Be careful about “progress” and “civilization.”

Scott audio lecture


Recommended Reading: James C. Scott, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States. Yale University Press, 2017. James C. Scott, The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. Yale University Press, 2009.

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2. CLASTRES: Be careful about “primitive” and “political.”

Clastres and Öcalan audio lecture


Recommended Reading: Pierre Clastres, Society Against the State, pp. 189-218: “Society Against the State”. Zone Books, 1987.

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3. Öcalan: Democratic Civilization

Recommended Reading: Abdullah Öcalan, The Sociology of Freedom, pp. 135-191. PM Press, 2020.

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